Oregon belongs to 36 interstate compacts. Id. I, art. For a discussion of Supreme Court jurisprudence on the Commerce Clause, see Congressional Research Service, Constitution of the United States of America: Analysis and Interpretation, supra note 16, at 176–301. Most are state statutes. [10]  A compact is approved by a state legislature in accordance with its procedure for enacting legislation and upon such enactment becomes a state statute. [2] Michael L. Buenger et al., The Evolving Law and Use of Interstate Compacts 3 (2d ed. III (1950), http://apps.csg.org/ncic/PDF/Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Compact.pdf. Examples of well-known interstate compacts include the New York-New Jersey Port Authority Compact, the Emergency Management Assistance Compact, the Washington Metro Area Transit Authority Compact, the Multistate Tax Compact and the Multi-State Lottery Compact. [56]  Decisions by the commission require the vote of the majority of the parties at a meeting, except that recommendations by the commission on a species of fish require the vote of a majority of parties that have an “interest” in the species (as defined by the commission). Information provided about each compact includes the states party to it, citations to where the compact appears in those states’ respective statutes, and, in many cases, a PDF version of the compact and/or a link to the website of the commission or other interstate agency formed by the compact. v. Board of Governors, the Court indicated that congressional consent would be required for a compact that would increase the political power of compacting states “at the expense of” non-compacting states.[33]. Const., art. [34]  Typical compact provisions include the following: Depending on the subject matter of an interstate compact, it may or may not include rules and procedures for taking future action in furtherance of the objectives of the compact. For example, the Woodrow Wilson Bridge and Tunnel Compact requires that one member of the thirteen-member board that governs the compact be designated by the US Secretary of Transportation, as noted above. [76] Multistate Tax Compact, Council of State Governments, http://apps.csg.org/ncic/Compact.aspx?id=122 (last visited June 19, 2018). It also logs such information as: When a probationer leaves or enters a state, Probation progress, Whether any violations occurred, and A compact typically includes provisions regarding its purpose; specific terms with respect to the subject of the compact; in some cases, establishment of an interstate agency to administer the compact or some other method of administration; sources of funding; and other contract terms like dispute resolution, enforcement, termination of the compact, or withdrawal of a member. External Link Disclaimer | Interstate compacts are contracts that are negotiated between states. [62] Buenger et al., supra note 2, at 118. The supervisory review is to ensure the accuracy, completeness and appropriateness of the request. Congress has inserted itself into the negotiations over, administration of, and participation in interstate compacts. An interstate compact is a congressionally approved agreement between or among states. In US Steel Corp. v. Multistate Tax Commission, the Court found that an interstate compact to facilitate collection and allocation of state taxes did not violate the Compact Clause. tit. That compact primarily provides for the adjustment of the border between the two states, as well as related matters, such as specifying one state’s relinquishment of sovereignty to territory that became part of the other state pursuant to the boundary adjustment, and the right to tax property located in acquired territory.[44]. Nurse Licensure Compact (NLC) Interstate Medical Licensure Compact (IMLC) Physical Therapy (PT) Compact. [4], The negotiation process for compacts often involves the creation of joint commissions including members appointed by the governors of the negotiating states. [9], Once negotiated, interstate compacts must be approved by the legislatures of the states party to them. Hawaii belongs to 24 interstate compacts. [21] Rhode Island v. Massachusetts, 37 U.S. 657, 725 (1838). The Interstate Agreement on Detainers has been codified in the United States Code at 18 U.S.C. Internal rules for the administration of activity under an interstate compact may include, for example, the following: The Council of State Governments provides a detailed list of governance and operational matters that are recommended to be addressed in provisions for an interstate agency. An interstate compact is an agreement between two or more states of the United States that is approved by those states’ respective legislatures, and, if required based on the subject matter of the compact, consented to by the US Congress. Const., art. I, art. California belongs to 39 interstate compacts. 3 (providing for Congress’s power “to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes”). [4] Id. 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