Politics here in the United States have been dirty for quite some time, with the intent of the American taxpayer being largely ignored in favor of an outcome that is more litigiously-sound. Those troubles, along with underfunded city services, such as police and fire departments, and ineffective turnaround plans from Mayor Bing and the City Council[262] led the state of Michigan to appoint an emergency manager for Detroit on March 14, 2013. Detroit is the only U.S. city to have its four major sports teams play within its downtown district. The Detroit salt mine run by the Detroit Salt Company has over 100 miles (160 km) of roads within. [203], In the central portions of Detroit, the population of young professionals, artists, and other transplants is growing and retail is expanding. [40], During the late 19th century, wealthy industry and shipping magnates commissioned design and construction of several Gilded Age mansions east and west of the current downtown, along the major avenues of the Woodward plan. [100] Winters are cold, with moderate snowfall and temperatures not rising above freezing on an average 44 days annually, while dropping to or below 0 °F (−18 °C) on an average 4.4 days a year; summers are warm to hot with temperatures exceeding 90 °F (32 °C) on 12 days. The fourth border crossing is the Detroit–Windsor Truck Ferry, near the Windsor Salt Mine and Zug Island. "The D is a draw: Most suburbanites are repeat visitors,". [21], The city was named by French colonists, referring to the Detroit River (French: le détroit du lac Érié, meaning the strait of Lake Erie), linking Lake Huron and Lake Erie; in the historical context, the strait included the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair and the Detroit River. OnStar, Blue Cross Blue Shield, and HP Enterprise Services are at the Renaissance Center. [92] The highest elevation in the city is directly north of Gorham Playground on the northwest side approximately three blocks south of 8 Mile Road, at a height of 675 to 680 feet (206 to 207 m). 'strait')[7] is the largest and most-populous city in the U.S. state of Michigan, the largest U.S. city on the United States–Canada border, and the seat of Wayne County. All of these officers are elected on a nonpartisan ballot, with the exception of four of the police commissioners, who are appointer by the mayor. The Eastern Market farmer's distribution center is the largest open-air flowerbed market in the United States and has more than 150 foods and specialty businesses. It has been making ends meet on a month-to-month basis with the help of bond money held in a state escrow account and has instituted mandatory unpaid days off for many city workers. General Retirement System. The Retirement System of the City of Detroit Striving to Make Retirement Easy. [310], Detroit has a floating post office. Among the city's prominent structures are United States' largest Fox Theatre, the Detroit Opera House, and the Detroit Institute of Arts, all built in the early 20th century. [147][148][149] Detroit dominates Wayne County, which has an average household income of about $38,000, compared to Oakland County's $62,000. By the 1940s, the city's population remained as the fourth-largest in the country. [263] On July 18, 2013, the City of Detroit filed for Chapter 9 bankruptcy protection. [207], Known as the world's automotive center,[208] "Detroit" is a metonym for that industry. [101] Thunderstorms are frequent in the Detroit area. In 2001, the first portion of the International Riverfront was completed as a part of the city's 300th anniversary celebration. By 1950, much of the city's white population had moved to the suburbs as macrostructural processes such as "white flight" and "suburbanization" led to a complete population shift. [275][276] As of 2016[update] there were 30,000 excess openings in Detroit traditional public and charter schools, bearing in mind the number of K-12-aged children in the city. Basil. [159] Many middle-class families experienced the same kind of hostility as they sought the security of homeownership and the potential for upward mobility. For other uses, see, The Motor City, Motown, Renaissance City, City of the Straits, The D, The D-Town, Hockeytown, The Automotive Capital of the World, Rock City, The 313, The Arsenal of Democracy, The Town That Put The World on Wheels, Tigertown, Détroit, Paris of the West, 48127, 48201, 48202, 48204–48206, 48208–48210, 48212–48217, 48219, 48221–48228, 48231–48236, 48238–48240, 48243, 48244, 48255, 48260, 48264, 48266–48269, 48272, 48275, 48277–48279, 48288, The City of Detroit in the early 20th century. [141], Areas of the city adjacent to the Detroit River are also patrolled by the United States Border Patrol. The University of Detroit Mercy has an NCAA Division I program, and Wayne State University has both NCAA Division I and II programs. The Circuit Court is across Gratiot Avenue in the Frank Murphy Hall of Justice, in downtown Detroit. [183][184] Aside from the numerous Detroit-based companies listed above, downtown contains large offices for Comerica, Chrysler, Fifth Third Bank, HP Enterprise, Deloitte, PricewaterhouseCoopers, KPMG, and Ernst & Young. [212] In 1932, Eddie "The Midnight Express" Tolan from Detroit won the 100- and 200-meter races and two gold medals at the 1932 Summer Olympics. The most notable topographical feature in the city is the Detroit Moraine, a broad clay ridge on which the older portions of Detroit and Windsor are located, rising approximately 62 feet (19 m) above the river at its highest point. Israel’s Tactile Mobility and the city of Detroit have partnered to conduct a proof of concept that aims to improve Detroit’s pavement conditions and optimize maintenance. Coleman A. The revitalized Downtown, Midtown, and New Center areas feature many historic buildings and are high density, while further out, particularly in the northeast and on the fringes,[112] high vacancy levels are problematic, for which a number of solutions have been proposed. Sweet and ten of his family members and friends were put on trial for murder as one of the mob members throwing rocks at the newly purchased house was shot and killed by someone firing out of a second floor window. Blacks suffered 25 deaths (of a total of 34), three-quarters of 600 wounded, and most of the losses due to property damage. [129], Following suburbanization, industrial restructuring, and loss of jobs (as described above), by the 2010 census, the city had less than 40 percent of that number, with just over 700,000 residents. WAYNE CO., Mich. - A Wayne County judge has dismissed a lawsuit filed by the Trump campaign over ballot irregularities during the 2020 election. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. While the drop in Detroit's population has been ongoing since 1950, the most dramatic period was the significant 25% decline between the 2000 and 2010 Census. [citation needed], Detroit is one of 13 U.S. metropolitan areas that are home to professional teams representing the four major sports in North America. Municipal elections for mayor, city council and city clerk are held at four-year intervals, in the year after presidential elections. Detroit Land Bank Authority. The federal government prohibited discrimination in defense work, but when in June 1943 Packard promoted three black people to work next to whites on its assembly lines, 25,000 white workers walked off the job. [55] It was the most costly riot in the United States. Detroit to trim 150 cops, precincts. City of Detroit - Law Department 660 Woodward Ave Detroit MI 48226. The second phase is a two-mile (3.2-kilometer) extension from Hart Plaza to the Ambassador Bridge for a total of five miles (8.0 kilometres) of parkway from bridge to bridge. Concerts hosted by Live Nation perform throughout the Detroit area. [126] In 2011, Mayor Dave Bing announced a plan to categorize neighborhoods by their needs and prioritize the most needed services for those neighborhoods. [166] Over a 60-year period, white flight occurred in the city. [85], Areas outside of downtown and other recently revived areas have an average household income of about 25% less than the gentrified areas, and this is continuing to grow. [248] In 2016 there were 302 homicides in Detroit, a 2.37% increase in the number of murder victims from the preceding year. [167] This era of intolerance made it almost impossible for African Americans to be successful without access to proper housing or the economic stability to maintain their homes and the conditions of many neighborhoods began to decline. The Detroit Electronic Music Festival, now known as "Movement", occurs annually in late May on Memorial Day Weekend, and takes place in Hart Plaza. The stretch of the I-94 freeway from Ypsilanti to Detroit was one of America's earlier limited-access highways. ][199], On July 25, 2013, Meijer, a midwestern retail chain, opened its first supercenter store in Detroit;[200] this was a $20 million, 190,000-square-foot store in the northern portion of the city and it also is the centerpiece of a new $72 million shopping center named Gateway Marketplace. 40K likes. [227] The Midtown and the New Center area are centered on Wayne State University and Henry Ford Hospital. [186] Compuware completed its world headquarters in downtown in 2003. In 2016, 24.7 percent of Detroit households lacked a car, much higher than the national average of 8.7. [214], The Detroit Tigers have won four World Series titles (1935, 1945, 1968, and 1984). [141] From 2000 to 2009, the city's estimated median household income fell from $29,526 to $26,098. [214], In the 1940s, Detroit blues artist John Lee Hooker became a long-term resident in the city's southwest Delray neighborhood. Editorial: "At Last, Sensible Dream for Detroit's Riverfront". [166][165] An especially grueling result of this increasing competition between black and white people was the Riot of 1943 that had violent ramifications. Canada had already planned to pay for 95% of the bridge, which will cost $2.1 billion, and is expected to open in 2022 or 2023. [112] A 2009 parcel survey found about a quarter of residential lots in the city to be undeveloped or vacant, and about 10% of the city's housing to be unoccupied. However, due to industrial restructuring, the loss of jobs in the auto industry, and rapid suburbanization, Detroit entered a state of urban decay and lost considerable population from the late 20th century to the present. 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