Since then, a substantial body of research on microaggressions has demonstrated their prevalence and harmful effects (Boysen, 2012; Solorzan, et. 0000003979 00000 n What are microaggressions? )”, “I noticed that you ___________ (comment/behavior). 0000021844 00000 n To help, Dr. Nadal developed a tool kit called the Guide to Responding to Microaggressions. Do follow suggested steps (like those in this post and others) and customize them to your own situation. If you've been forced to bear a microaggression grinding away, you'll be all in all correct to encounter any number of feelings. Microaggressions can be as explicit as the use of outdated language to refer to a racialized group and as implicit as providing men more opportunities to speak in class or the lack of representation of international perspectives in course content. RESPONDING TO MICROAGGRESSIONS AND BIAS (Can be used alone or in combination) RESTATE OR PARAPHRASE. The guide also encourages students to report other students who commit microaggressions because they are “acts of bias and discrimination” and violations of the school policy and possibly the Student Code of Conduct. Breathing Exercises. 0000006184 00000 n xref It lists five questions to ask yourself when weighing the … Yoon also gives advice about whether and how to respond to microaggressive events, including Dr. Kevin Nadal’s Guide to Responding to Microaggressions, which gives advice in case one commits a microaggression and how to avoid making them. When microaggressions occur in our learning environments, it is important that we respond in ways that maintain a supportive communication climate (Souza, 2017) and foster learning. 0000005182 00000 n “I know you don’t like the stereotypes about ______ (their group), how do you think he feels when he hears those things about his group?”, “How would you feel if someone said that about/did that to your sister or girlfriend?”, TELL THEM THEY’RE TOO SMART OR TOO GOOD TO SAY THINGS LIKE THAT, “Come on. The acronym and steps below provide a guide on how to take ACTION rather than feeling frozen when faced with a microaggression. You’re too smart to say something so ignorant/offensive.”. People may demonstrate their biases and prejudices in more subtle ways, otherwise known as microaggressions. %%EOF In this article, examples of microaggressions are categorized by their focus on racial, gender, LGBT, religious, or intersectional identities. 0 0000005294 00000 n Develop your own way to handle microaggressions. This class is highly interactive and discussion-based. POINT OUT WHAT THEY HAVE IN COMMON WITH THE OTHER PERSON, “I’m tired of hearing your Muslim jokes. Microaggressions Guide. 0000009737 00000 n A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions. “I think I heard you saying_____ (paraphrase their comments). 2. Reminding the students of your role in facilitating the development of an actively inclusive Responding to Microaggressions in Online Learning Environments During A Pandemic* By Tasha Souza . 0000001668 00000 n 0000093519 00000 n Is that correct?”, ASK FOR CLARIFICATION OR MORE INFORMATION, “Could you say more about what you mean by that?”, ACKNOWLEDGE THE FEELINGS BEHIND THE STATEMENT, “It sounds like you’re really frustrated/nervous/angry……..”, “I can understand that you’re upset when you feel disrespected.”, “I know you didn’t realize this, but when you __________ (comment/behavior), it was hurtful/offensive because___________. Urbana, IL 61801 So for allies, microinterventions involve three strategies: Make the invisible, visible. DISCLAIMER Primary objective of the session is to raise consciousness about microaggressions and how participants play a role in either perpetuating or dismantling microaggressions at work. Microaggressions are verbal, behavioral, or environmental actions (whether intentional or unintentional) that communicate hostility toward oppressed or targeted groups including people of color, women, LGBTQ persons, persons with disabilities, and religious minorities. 0000008097 00000 n The ability to notice these commonplace indiginities requires educating yourself about … 0000089751 00000 n 0000075498 00000 n A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions. … 0000014601 00000 n Participants will learn how to change ways of being and how to respond when committing unintended microaggressions. 0000010619 00000 n Chemists with Disabilities; Ethics; LGBTQ+ and Allies; International Chemists; Minority Affairs; Women Chemists; Younger Chemists; Blog; Contact; Join ; October 26, 2020. 0000018955 00000 n Acting in this way really undermines those intentions.”. You actually have a lot in common.”. Most importantly, Professor Nadal created a Guide to Responding to Microaggressions, consisting of five questions to ask yourself when deciding whether to respond to a slight. Kevin L. Nadal “Microaggressions are commonplace verbal, behavioral, or environmental actions that communicate hostility toward oppressed or targeted groups.”. Microaggressions are defined as “brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral and environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory or negative racial slights and insults that potentially have harmful or unpleasant psychological impact on the target person or group” (Solorzano, Ceja, & Yosso, 2000). h�b```b``���� v�A��b�,_0�\��ື! Photo: Pexels. RESPONDING TO MICROAGGRESSIONS AND BIAS (Can be used alone or in combination) RESTATE OR PARAPHRASE. <]/Prev 319287/XRefStm 2260>> 0000090400 00000 n ♦ Microaggressions: Possible Biases or Stereotypes 16 ♦ Microaggressions: Impact & Intent 17 ♦ Common Fears 19 ♦ Gallery of Stories 20-21 ♦ ADDRESS© Model 22 ♦ PAIRS©: Effective Dialogue Skills 23 ♦ Engaging Skills 24 ♦ 4 Types of Panning Skills 25 ♦ More tools and skills to respond … Anti-Racism and Anti-Oppression: Responding to Microaggressions Microaggressions Microaggressions are "brief and commonplace daily verbal, behavioral, and environmental indignities, whether intentional or unintentional, that communicate hostile, derogatory, or negative racial, gender, sexual orientation, and religious slights and insults to the target person or group” (Sue, 2010). I’ve learned that___________________.”, “Another way to look at it is _________________.”, “I know you really care about _________. Josh Ocampo . %PDF-1.4 %���� 378 67 Little comments can have a big impact; Nicole Vassell looks at how microaggressions play a part in the jigsaw of daily racism and the damage they do over a lifetime The R.A.V.E.N. The problem is that the guide doesn’t outline what type of microaggression constitutes an act of bias or discrimination. 0000010975 00000 n 0000019821 00000 n More … 0000010532 00000 n A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions. 0000017494 00000 n 5. It can be tough to know how to respond when you're on the receiving end of a micro-aggression, especially when the culprit is someone you like or respect. 0000017881 00000 n Microaggressions reinforce white privilege and undermine a culture of inclusion. 0000007299 00000 n 210A Engineering Hall April 30, 2018 Tasha Souza, PhD The term “microaggression” was coined in 1970 to name relatively slight, subtle, and often unintentional offenses that cause harm (Pierce, 1970). You may feel irate, disappointed or tragic. 0000016178 00000 n This guide gives a clear definition of microaggressions with examples across different historically marginalized groups. 0000075211 00000 n 0000017085 00000 n 0000026957 00000 n ��3��:�. 0000093831 00000 n 0000013029 00000 n Although there may be many ideas about how to respond to microaggressions, one is reminded that there is not yet any research to guide us on how to best respond in the moment. This class provides a foundational understanding of implicit bias, microaggressions, and intent vs. impact when talking and interacting with people that are different from yourself. 0000002445 00000 n This guide gives a clear definition of microaggressions with examples across different historically marginalized groups. Racial. startxref 1308 West Green Street The framework also works best when actions and statements are unconscious in nature and not intentionally racist as the latter requires a direct and stern response. In the widely referenced article, Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life [2], Dr. Derald Wing Sue and colleagues argued that this sense of paralysis occurs because observers are typically unsure about what actually occurred, lack awareness on how to respond, are concerned about negative repercussions that may occur if they do respond, perceive that it may be better do to nothing, or … As social work educators, we also face an important challenge in naming and responding to microaggressions 0000018061 00000 n 35. 0000020891 00000 n Ask how they would feel if someone said something like that about their group, or their friend/partner/child. Microinterventions need to underline the message within the microaggression, he added. Step 1: Recognize that a Microaggression Has Occurred. Written by DiversityInc staff. Responding to Microaggressions: Safety First ... one is reminded that there is not yet any research to guide us on how to best respond in the moment. I developed this framework (first introduced in Chueng, Ganote, & Souza, 2016) as an interactive response one could take to a microaggression by a student in the classroom. ♦ Microaggressions: Possible Biases or Stereotypes 16 ♦ Microaggressions: Impact & Intent 17 ♦ Common Fears 19 ♦ Gallery of Stories 20-21 ♦ ADDRESS© Model 22 ♦ PAIRS©: Effective Dialogue Skills 23 ♦ Engaging Skills 24 ♦ 4 Types of Panning Skills 25 ♦ More tools and skills to respond … 0000008904 00000 n 0000006706 00000 n Microaggressions Are A … Explain why diversity or that individual/group can be helpful/valuable. “Actually, in my experience__________________.”, “I think that’s a stereotype. A crucial task of responding to microaggressions in a classroom is for the educator to acknowledge their responsibility to help the group to name and address microaggressions when they come up, regardless of who commits them. “I think I heard you saying____________ (paraphrase their comments). Before considering communication strategies for responding in the moment, it is important to reflect upon ways to mitigate the impact of microaggressions Managing Microaggressions: Addressing Everyday Racism in Therapeutic Spaces. is not intended to be a sequential process but rather a framework to guide thinking and actions to disrupt racial microaggressions when they occur. How to Respond to Microaggressions Specific to Race. 378 0 obj <> endobj In, © 2020 University of Illinois Board of Trustees. 0000018484 00000 n Professor of Communication & Associate Director for Inclusive Excellence, CTL Students are especially anxious right now given that their daily routine and expectations of college life have likely been completely derailed. CUNY FORUM 2:1 (2014) 71-76 2014 © COPYRIGHT BY KEVIN L. NADAL. How to Recognize and Respond to Microaggressions. 0000113314 00000 n It lists five questions to ask yourself when weighing the consequences of responding to a microaggression. Jennifer wanted to just ignore these comments but responding appropriately is essential to maintain a positive work environment. In addition, it shares research showing the impact of microaggressions. Responding to Microaggressions in the Classroom: Taking ACTION. 0000003886 00000 n While they're designated "small scale," investigate shows that microaggressions cause their beneficiaries huge mischief. A more tempered response is to address the perpetrator privately at a later point to explain why the microaggression was offensive. 444 0 obj <>stream 0000091920 00000 n (2017, Sept. 27) First Encounters With Race and Racism: Teaching Ideas for Classroom Conversations University of Illinois Engineering, “A Guide to Responding to Microaggressions” You may want to talk with him about that. “I know you’re not comfortable with _____ but they can help us reach out to/better serve other groups on campus/in the community.”, “In the real world, we are going to have to work with all sorts of people, so might as well learn how to do it here.”, “That behavior is against our code of conduct and could really get you in trouble.”, Women in Engineering “She plays like a girl?” You mean she plays like Serena Williams?” Or Mia Hamm? Microaggressions are verbal, behavioral, or environmental actions (whether intentional or unintentional) that communicate hostility toward oppressed or targeted groups including people of color, women, LGBTQ persons, persons with disabilities, and religious minorities. Microaggressions are subtle slights, put-downs, or insults that marginalized groups experience through daily interactions with individuals who may be unaware that they 0000074156 00000 n Programming Guide; Subdivisions. 2/12/19 12:30PM • Filed to: talking. 0000090059 00000 n 0000092231 00000 n While there's no one right way to address a microaggression, we have some pointers for ways you can begin to respond. In addition, it shares research showing the impact of microaggressions. 0000005068 00000 n 0000004509 00000 n 0000002610 00000 n A guide to responding to microaggressions. Ignoring microaggressions will have a negative effect on the work environment and increase job stress and burnout. 72AAARI-CUNY. “I think I heard you saying_____ (paraphrase their comments). They also indicate that the proliferation of microaggressions can contribute to a “hostile society.” When advising students on how to respond to a microaggression, the guide has several suggestions. 0000120345 00000 n 0000113065 00000 n The guide implies that even dealing with one instance of “dismissive or demeaning behavior” can cause low self-confidence and fear. Most importantly, Professor Nadal created a Guide to Responding to Microaggressions, consisting of five questions to ask yourself when deciding whether to respond to a slight. 0000002260 00000 n 0000013541 00000 n Responding with Accountability as Educators: The NAME Steps M icroaggressions are almost inevitable in our classrooms, but often go unnoticed by untrained educators who are not members of targeted groups. 0000009327 00000 n 0000010093 00000 n 0000005930 00000 n 0000000016 00000 n Ways to respond to microaggressions in the workplace: 1. 0000063017 00000 n 0000005594 00000 n How to Respond to Microaggressions as a Person of Color. Do you know he’s also studying ______, and likes to _________? Here, the risk lies in the time lag. 0000020225 00000 n talking people of color racism workplace microaggression. As people try to explain their comments, they often realize how silly they sound. TIPS: WHEN YOU OBSERVE OR EXPERIENCE A MICROAGGRESSION. 0000003349 00000 n 0000011401 00000 n 0000093230 00000 n Don’t confront every microaggression. Give information, share your own experience and/or offer alternative perspectives. 0000014516 00000 n “Could you say more about what you mean by that?” “How have you come to think that?” This anti-racism action guide includes a series of tips for recognizing and responding to microaggressions, with a focus on those related to anti- Black racism, along with a list of pertinent resources. 0000092617 00000 n (217) 244-3517 0000113670 00000 n Anti-Racism Action Guide: Recognizing and Responding to Microaggressions . I used to do/say that too, but then I learned____________.”, “When you _____________ (comment/behavior), I felt ____________ (feeling) and I would like you to________________.”. CUNY Forum 2(1), 71-76. For allies, responding to microaggressions involves a few key strategies. 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