They don’t like frost. Many gardeners add palm trees to their landscaping to make their outdoor areas look like a tropical oasis. How to grow Rhopalostylis sapida “Pitt Island” (Nikau) Commonly known as The Pitt Island Nikau, this is one of the hardier Nikau Palm varieties. Rhopalostylis baueri is a species of palm native to Norfolk Island (Australia) and to the Kermadec Islands (New Zealand). Pair of older trees in Lotus Land, Santa Barbara, California. Here are some suggestions of different types of palm trees for New Zealand gardens. The pots should be tall and narrow to provide room for the taproot and to lessen the likelihood of root damage when transplanting. … This attractive palm, should be in every garden. Developing fruit on Nikau Palm on North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. The bases of the inner leaves and the young flower clusters were eaten raw or cooked. All Content © 2006 - 2020 Tawapou Coastal Natives NÄ«kau palms also grow on the Chatham Islands, and some botanists believe the plants there belong to a separate species. The often upright standing fronds can grow up to 3 metre with a darn green coloration in older leaves. Frost hardy palm trees. It is a far more tropical looking palm compared to the NZ Nikau having larger, wider fronds and slightly lime green in colour and much larger more open flower heads. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. We have a large range of sizes of NZ Nikau, Chinese Windmill Palms,Dwarf Palmetto Palms, King Ferns, Astelia Silver Spear, Kauri, Wine Palms, Queen Palms, and Bangalow Palms. We were fortunate to have an extended summer while in lockdown. [citation needed]. [2], Nikau images and artworks, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhopalostylis_sapida&oldid=994093337, IUCN Red List conservation dependent species, Use New Zealand English from February 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:10. •There is a brown or red-brown color to the proximal leaf stem on the Norfolk Island Palm (the Nikau is more gray). Suitable for pots. One of the world’s most southern palms, also known as Chatham Island Nikau. It is much faster growing than the New Zealand nikau, Rhopalostylis sapida. Regular watering, keep soil moist and well mulched. R. sapida - R. sapida is a slow-growing, tender palm with a single, unbranched, stout trunk bearing a tuft of pinnate, dark green leaves divided into linear segments. Palm Varieties Bangalow palm or seaforthia (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana) Fast growing and decorative feather palm. The world’s most Southerly grown palm is our own Chatham Nikau. The nikau makes an excellent potted plant, and is quite hardy. I have a friend who runs a garden nursery in Norfolk, specialising in hardy exotics. A Nikau which is rapidly becoming more popular in NZ landscaping. The Chatham Nikau is proving itself to be the hardiest to frost and drought of the Nikau varieties and species. PalmsOnline provides palm fanciers and home gardeners alike the ability to access varieties, grades and the range of palms and cycads you just won't find in garden centres. Visit us today for the widest range of Plants products. To 6m, 3m canopy. The newest weed in the garden here is a palm - not the native nikau palm, although that, too, seeds down freely and requires regular culling. It can survive a few degrees of frost, but it is damaged even more severely by sudden large drops in temperature even above freezing. Submitted by janis b on Fri, 05/29/2020 - 6:15pm. The central bud is edible and was eaten by both early Maori and Europeans. Norfolk Island is the type locality. We have a great comparison in our nursery garden of two of these palms planted at the same time, one in the sun and one in shade. Great privacy palm with large spanning leaves creating a barrier. Nikau Palm on the North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. It is a far more tropical looking palm compared to the NZ Nikau having larger, wider fronds and slightly lime green in colour and much larger more open flower heads. NÄ«kau is a Māori word; in the closely related Eastern Polynesian languages of the tropical Pacific, it refers to the fronds or the midrib of the coconut palm. • NZ Nikau Palm ( Rhopalostylis sapida): This is New Zealand’s native palm. This is also most apparent on juvenile trees. The inflorescence is multibranched and from 200 to 400 mm long. It grows readily from seed if the fruit is soaked in water for a few days and then gently scrubbed to remove the flesh. Food was wrapped in the leaves for cooking, and the old fibrous leaves were used for baskets, floor mats, and waterproof thatch for buildings. Dwarf Palmetto Palm Sabal minor (Uncommon) History & Culture In the early Miocene (around 23 million years ago) New Zealand had a much warmer climate and contained distinctive tropical elements in its flora. Its natural range is coastal and lowland forest on the North Island, and on the South Island as far south as Okarito (43°20′S) in the west and Banks Peninsula (43°5′S) in the east. Medium heat, UV, cold and frost tolerance. • Nikau need a frost-free position that is preferably damp and do best in a subtropical climate. Successful transplanting is possible, but nikau is very fickle if any trunk is present. It also occurs on Chatham Island and Pitt Island/Rangiauria to the south-east of New Zealand, where it is the world's southernmost palm at 44° 18'S latitude. Out her kitchen window, Barb Davies watches a battle for life as her nikau palm trees brave the weather. The trunk is topped by a smooth, bulging crownshaft up to 1m long. • They are slow-growing, taking about 100 years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m. The sweeping foliage provides shade, vertical landscape elements and color; some palm varieties feature berrylike seed-pod clusters. Nikau is found in the warmer forests of New Zealand as far south as Westland and Banks Peninsula. A medium sized palm will grow to nine metres tall with a trunk up to 23cm in diameter, fronds at 1.5m – 4m in length, flowering can be quite attractive with large spiky inflorescences containing pinkish purple flowers which hang down below the base of the leaves, flowers are flowered by bright red fruit which make excellent bird food. Although it will tolerate growing in the shade it will grow much better when it can head to full sunlight. The Chatham island Nikau differs from the main land species by having broader leaves and leaflets which start much further up the midrib of each frond leaving them quite bare at the base, this makes it quite distinctive, and as you would expect this Nikau would appear to be the most tolerant of exposed situations and has huge potential to retain its neatness in gardens and cities throughout NZ. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. Found mostly in coastal lowland and hilly forests throughout the north island except the central plateau. Rhopalostylis sapida, the nikau (Māori: nÄ«kau) is a palm tree endemic to New Zealand, and the only palm native to mainland New Zealand. The nikau thrives on cool temperatures, but is not subject to freezing weather in its natural habitat. A stunningly attractive option for the coast, it fits into a contemporary landscape design with ease. Take for example the recent plantings in and around Queen Street in central Auckland. They are dark green, handsome, and enable it to grow to … The dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis) occurs in southern France, the Nikau (Rhopalostylis sapida) is a species of palm growing in New Zealand. Developing fruit on Nikau Palm on North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. Once the main root has been established to a fairly shallow depth of about 400 mm, its roots take on form consistent with other palms. Ground watering is recommended because crown watering can induce terminal rot at the very slow-growing new spike. I hope you are managing to keep it together as much a possible. The female flowers are solitary. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. The New Zealand Nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. Check out our range of Palms products at your local Bunnings Warehouse. New Zealand’s only palm has six distinctively different forms. It prefers damp shady spots but will do well in exposed sites as well, particularly along the coast. The nikau produces flowers between November and April, and fruits ripen from February to November, taking almost a year to fully ripen. It would appear that it is the off shore islands of the Kermadec, Great Barrier, and the Chatham's which offer forms with the most potential for the landscape gardens. Friday Photography - The Exquisite Nikau Palm. Palm trees (Arecaceae spp.) This lovely palm has received much publicity in recent years, and with good reason: it is one of the few crownshaft palms that can be considered even remotely hardy, and its feathery, stiffly upright and slightly keeled Words and photos: Barb Davies The nïkau palms on our farm give our family great pleasure. The Kermadec Nikau originates 300kms north of New Zealand on the Kermadec Islands, most specifically on Raoul Island. Nikau Palm Rhopalostylis sapida (Uncommon) Outdoors, semi shade or morning sun. During a visit to our nursery by perhaps NZ's foremost expert and author on native plants Lawrie Metcalf, he described the Nikau growing in our area as perhaps the most pathetic specimens in the country. Despite New Zealand’s mild climate frosts are an ever-present winter risk in many parts of the country. That said, well-watered plants can look good in the sun and make a nice alternative to the Pygmy Date Palm. Nikau Palm.jpg 993 × 660; 212 KB Nikau Palme 01.jpg 477 × 1,024; 334 KB Nikau palms along stream at Scotts Beach in Kahurangi National Park.jpg 3,264 × 4,896; 7.05 MB Male flowers are borne in pairs, and have six stamens. New Zealand’s only native palm, our specialty, and biggest seller. Nurseryman, landscapers and the home gardener need to select good forms which are robust, do not get tatty in the wind and grow as fast as possible. It is found in the North Island and the northern South Island from the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson south to near Okarito in the west and Banks Peninsula (near Christchurch) in the east. New Zealands only native palm and one of our best known iconic species. In the south island as far south as Wanganui Bluff on the west coast, banks peninsula on the east and also Chatham Island. From a central trunk it produces large and broad fronds with a gentle arch. Nikau palms are becoming increasingly popular as landscaping specimens. [2], The nikau grows up to 15 m tall, with a stout, green trunk which bears grey-green leaf scars. By … It is best done in summer, but a substantial root ball should be preserved, and shade should be provided at the new location - at the very least by tying the outer fronds closer to the centre. cheesemanii). At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. We’ve selected a few palms that are unusually frost hardy. As a result of glaciation and cooling, these… Broader leaved and with a more open crown than the shaving brush looking Chathams and mainland varieties. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the Kermadec group. The fruit is elliptic or oblong, and generally measures about 10 by 7 mm, and is red when ripe. Here are some illustrations of different types of palm trees from various habitats around the world, there are thirty individual palm tree pictures in all, and a couple of palm misnomers. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. Palms were common at this time, and even included species of Coconut – such as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica. We view the two trees from our kitchen window and marvel every day at the lives that the trees host. Indeed, the New Zealand nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida, is the most southerly growing palm tree in the world. It’s a big thing over there now—tropical-looking plants which can survive Britain’s cold, wet, dark winters. The Kermadec Islands Nikau (Rhopalostylis baueri var. It’s a palm that prefers mild, damp (even wet) locations with protection from the sun. Needle palm, Porcupine palm, Hedgehog palm, Blue palmetto: Rhapidophyllum hystrix: Nikau palm, Shaving brush palm: Rhopalostylis sapida: Norfolk Island palm: Rhopalostylis baueri: O: Old man palm, Mat palm: Coccothrinax crinita: Overtop palm: Syagrus amara: P: Pacific beauty palm: Clinostigma savoryanum: Palmiste Rouge, Barbel Palm, Red palm: Acanthophoenix rubra The common names on Norfolk Island are 'Norfolk Island palm' or 'niau'. Its easily regogniced by its erect circular trunk which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from previous leaves. Low drought tolerance. Delays should be avoided in getting the nikau into its new ground, and substantial die-back of all but the central spike can be expected. The seed will then germinate readily if placed in sealed plastic bags in partial shade, after which they can be planted in deep pots. • Kentia Palm ( Howea forsteriana): an indoor favourite, but can do well in outdoor containers. have distinct foliage that makes them attractive indoor and outdoor plants. • Sago Palm ( Cycas revoluta): a stunner, but very slow-growing. About Nikau. At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. • Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei): extremely hardy in cold. They are best planted in rich fertile soil, in a sheltered north facing location. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. Long, dense panicles of bowl-shaped to spherical, lilac, purple-pink, or cream flowers in summer and autumn are followed by red fruit. Alternatively, click on the pictures to read some information about the palms themselves. Enjoy the variety and beauty. Flowering and fruiting is intermittent and irregular, so look out for ripe fruit any time this palm is encountered. [1], The nikau palm is the only palm species endemic to mainland New Zealand. These fabulous plantings will only further enhance these plants popularity. The nÄ«kau palm is unique to New Zealand and it primarily occurs in coastal to lowland forest in warmer regions. Dark green foliage, fast-growing after 1st year, fertilise twice a year for best results. Transplanting juveniles is generally successful if the main root is left intact. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. The nikau does not have a true tap root. Grows happily outdoors in Auckland and northwards and in other warm coastal locations protected from frost. There is a Rhopalostylis bauer which is on the notable tree list 2002 beside the Cricket Pavilion at Pukekura Park. The Cascade Palm is a low growing, clumping, small palm that’s unlikely to ever grow taller than around four-foot-tall in most locations. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. It does well in areas with a mild Mediterranean climate. Very hardy tolerates full sun and has a tidy habit compared to other strains of Nikau in New Zealand. Place your curser over the images to reveal the Latin names. Leaf color of the Norfolk Island Palm is green, similar to R. sapida. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and The tightly packed flowers are unisexual and coloured lilac to pink. PalmsOnline brings the largest range of palms, cycads and subtropicals available online to the NZ gardening public. It tends to be slow-growing. The fronds are up to 3 m long, and the closely set, sometimes overlapping leaflets are up to 1 m long. These are a preferred food of the kererÅ« (native pigeon). The Rhopalstylis is a genus containing just two species of palm including the most southerly palm the Chatham Island Nikau and the other confined to Norfolk Island with a variety on the Kermadec Islands. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the Kermadec group. Nikau's give any NZ garden a distinctive tropical flavor they can also be grown in large containers for a number of years. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. Māori found many uses for the nikau palm. 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