The City Council lays down the guidelines for the tasks of each committee. Christiansborg Palace, which houses the Danish parliament, is located on the islet of Slotsholmen. Few houses with straw roofs remained after the bombardment. [285] The two national daily newspapers Politiken and Berlingske Tidende and the two tabloids Ekstra Bladet and BT are based in Copenhagen. Carlsberg beer has been brewed at the brewery's premises on the border between the Vesterbro and Valby districts since 1847 and has long been almost synonymous with Danish beer production. One of Europe's top jazz festivals, the annual event features around 900 concerts at 100 venues with over 200,000 guests from Denmark and around the world. This can however lead to serious congestion in rush hour traffic. [52] Activity in the port of Copenhagen declined with the closure of the Holmen Naval Base. The city is the cultural, economic and governmental centre of Denmark; it is one of the major financial centres of Northern Europe with the Copenhagen Stock Exchange. By the time Old Danish was spoken, the capital was called Køpmannæhafn, with the current name deriving from centuries of subsequent regular sound change. During the Renaissance the city served as the de facto capital being the seat of government of the Kalmar Union, governing the entire present day Nordic region in a personal union with Sweden and Norway ruled by the Danish monarch serving as the head of state. Urban development. [131] The inner city includes Slotsholmen, a little island on which Christiansborg Palace stands and Christianshavn with its canals. Every year it sees more than 2.5 million visitors[143] and in the summer months it is packed with sunbathers, picnickers and ballplayers. [179], Not far from Copenhagen Airport on the Kastrup coast, The Blue Planet completed in March 2013 now houses the national aquarium. [244], The Danish Academy of Fine Arts has provided education in the arts for more than 250 years. Copenhagen's name reflects its origin as a harbour and a place of commerce. [215][216], As of 2014[update], Copenhagen has 15 Michelin-starred restaurants, the most of any Scandinavian city. The natural harbour and good herring stocks seem to have attracted fishermen and merchants to the area on a seasonal basis from the 11th century and more permanently in the 13th century. [32], The Second Battle of Copenhagen (or the Bombardment of Copenhagen) (16 August – 5 September 1807) was from a British point of view a preemptive attack on Copenhagen, targeting the civilian population to yet again seize the Dano-Norwegian fleet. The Pride has a series of different activities all over Copenhagen, but it is at the City Hall Square that most of the celebration takes place. Copenhagen is the most populous city in Denmark and one of the most populous in the Nordic countries. [17] The Copenhagen Fire of 1728 was the largest in the history of Copenhagen. King's Garden (Kongens Have), the garden of Rosenborg Castle, is the oldest and most frequented of them all. [87][88] In 2001 a large offshore wind farm was built just off the coast of Copenhagen at Middelgrunden. By contrast, the average hours of sunshine are less than two per day in November and only one and a half per day from December to February. Read about government. In 1733, work began on the royal residence of Christiansborg Palace which was completed in 1745. [165] Halmtorvet, the old haymarket behind the Central Station, is an increasingly popular area with its cafés and restaurants. [115][116], Life science is a key sector with extensive research and development activities. The guidelines provides strategic insights and new ideas, and are backed … Using our digital platform, we carried out observational data collection in four Danish cities. It is located just 15 minutes by bicycle or a few minutes by metro from the city centre. Here's what you need to know. Plan your visit. However, 2010 was an exceptional year for city break tourism and turnover increased with 29% in that one year. Neighboring municipalities are Gentofte, Gladsaxe and Herlev to the north, Rødovre and Hvidovre to the west, and Tårnby to the south. [7] Their combined population stands at 763,908 (as of December 2016[update]).[8]. After a plague outbreak and fire in the 18th century, the city underwent a period of redevelopment. The MDP provides policies and guidance to chart the course for Edmonton to evolve over time into a more compact, transit oriented, and sustainable city. [82], The Copenhagen Fire Department forms the largest municipal fire brigade in Denmark with some 500 fire and ambulance personnel, 150 administration and service workers, and 35 workers in prevention. Copenhagen’s New Waste Plan 24. In addition to Danish painters, artists represented in the collections include Rubens, Rembrandt, Picasso, Braque, Léger, Matisse, Emil Nolde, Olafur Eliasson, Elmgreen and Dragset, Superflex and Jens Haaning. Once a warehouse, the North Atlantic House now displays culture from Iceland and Greenland and houses the Noma restaurant, known for its Nordic cuisine. [72], Because of Copenhagen's northern latitude, the number of daylight hours varies considerably between summer and winter. There is no entrance fee to pay and Klampenborg Station on the C-line, is situated nearby. Areas like, Capitals of European states and territories, Henning Poulsen, "Dansk Modstand og Tysk Politik" ("Danish opposition and German Politics") in, sfn error: no target: CITEREFKjaerKrogsgaardMagnusson2008 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Maritime and Commercial Court of Copenhagen, 50 largest pharmaceutical and biotech companies in the world, List of buildings in and around Copenhagen, Round Christiansborg Open Water Swim Race, List of twin towns and sister cities in Denmark, 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference, List of urban areas in Denmark by population, "Statistics Denmark: Copenhagen City/Urban Area (Københavns Kommune, Hovedstadsområdet), 2012 (tables: FOLK1, BEF44)", "Population at the first day of the quarter by urban areas, age and sex",, Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary, "Regioner, landsdele og kommuner. [89] Years of substantial investment in sewage treatment have improved water quality in the harbour to an extent that the inner harbour can be used for swimming with facilities at a number of locations. [182] This is a result of huge investments in infrastructure and culture as well as the work of successful new Danish architects, designers and chefs. [70] Exceptional weather conditions can bring as much as 50 cm of snow to Copenhagen in a 24-hour period during the winter months[71] while summer temperatures have been known to rise to heights of 33 °C (91 °F). [125] Hotel capacity in the city is growing significantly. To the east of the city, inspired by Dutch planning, the king developed the district of Christianshavn with canals and ramparts. [7] The council usually meets every other week at 17:30 on a Thursday. [38] In the early 1850s, the ramparts of the city were opened to allow new housing to be built around The Lakes (Danish: Søerne) that bordered the old defences to the west. 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